Assisted Reproductive Techniques (ART) refer to some method, which are used for manage pregnancy by means that are artificial or partially artificial. ART is used in infertility treatment. This is the only application periodic, used for reproductive technology. It carries a number of treatments where anyone is used depending on the condition or nature of the complication of the couple.
Intrauterine Insemination, IUI is selection of semen that is emitted during method other than intimacy or masturbation). The semen is precisely transferred into the uterus with the guidance of a catheter. This treatment can be done during a natural cycle but in order to progress pregnancy rate, it is essential that fertility enhancing drugs are used.
In-vitro fertilization, IVF, also known as test tube baby, is the most generally used treatment all around the world. It proves fertilization of an ovum (egg) that is exposed to around 100,000 or less sperms in a test tube for fertilization outside the body. After this, the embryo is transferred into the uterus of the female.
Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection, ICSI is done when the condition of sperm is very poor. Here the sperms are precisely retrieved from the testis or epididymis. In this highly technical technique a single sperm is implant into the center of an egg to make it fertile.
Surgical berry Retrieval is used in patients who face ejaculatory disorders or no sperm in the ejaculate.
Following are SSR techniques:
Percutaneous Epididymal Sperm Aspiration (PESA)
Testicular Sperm Aspiration (TESA)
Testicular Sperm Extraction (TESE)
Frozen Embryo Replacement Cycle (FERC)
In case, two or more good character embryos are composed during the cycle, but they are not transferred, then they can be frozen for future use. They are frozen at immensely low temperature of around -180Â°C, so that they do not get degrade with time.
In this method, the woman has to take medicine for preparing her womb to secure these embryos. With the assist of an ultrasound the lining of the uterus is determined that whether it is qualified for the transfer or not.
Surrogacy is the method where the fertilized egg and sperm is placed inside the womb of another lady who will bear it till the full term of pregnancy. It is used for women with absent uterus, defective uterus, poor endometrium lining, or with repeated IVF failures.
Assisted hatching is done, hen an IVF or ICSI cycle fails. It is observed through an altercation in the outer covering of the egg either by drilling a hole through it or by thinning it. This encourages hatching or implantation of embryos, helpless to rescue intact from outer covering of an egg.
It is used in the cases of Azoospermia (nil sperm count), low sperm count, failure of treatment during male infertility. These sperms are recovered from healthy young men perfectly examined.
Many times, the egg is not of good condition that is the source of failed treatments. Here donor eggs become the solution. These are accepted from a number of sources, that from trained donor, someone from the family or egg sharing. The treatment starts prior one month of the IVF cycle.
Assisted Reproductive Technology will assist many previously infertile couples.
It is extremely essential that a couple facing infertility complications should come forward to consider their problem. We can organize for Free of cost assumption from different super speciality hospitals before doctor’s appointment of your inquiry from the experts of our connected hospitals.