Intrauterine insemination (IUI), also called artificial insemination is an essential step in the direct of fertility treatments. The treatment can be operating using partner’s (husband) sperm or sperm from a donor. This low tech process can be done in two things: natural and with ovulation induction. In the first manner, the body is monitored for ovulation and when the LH surge is higher, one should contact the fertility clinic for further guidance. They will develop you when and how to assemble a sperm sample.
The men who are helpless to ejaculate in the vagina. Following are the source of this failure
Spinal cord injury
Retograde ejaculation (sperms are released backward into the bladder instead of urethra)
Low sperm count or poor quality sperm
Cervical mucus hostility or poor cervical mucus
Requirements in Males – IUI will be ineffective where the male has low sperm calculation or poor sperm shape. For this, sperm tests should be done.
Requirements in Females – There should be no fertility complication. Tests should give confirmation of regular ovulation, open fallopian tubes, and a normal uterine cavity.
A woman with severely injured or blocked fallopian tubes will not be helped by IUI.
It is done by strap a very thin flexible catheter through the collar and implant washed sperm straight into the uterus, taking just a few minutes. If the cervix is hard to reach then a tenaculum is used to hold it, making the method a bit uncomfortable.
The sperm is commonly collected over ejaculation into a sterile collection cup or in collection condoms. Most of clinics wish the semen within a half hour of ejaculation, so if one lives close then the sperms are collected at home but if not, one has to go to the clinic and do it in a private setting. After this washing is done and the sperms are used for IUI.
As per professional, within 6 hours of either side of ovulation, IUI should be operated. When timing is based on an hCG injection, the method is done between 24 and 48 hours later. Post-hCG, the timing of IUI is around 36 hours or 24 hours, while others also do it in 40-42 hour Some professional, base the timing on a natural LH surge (within 24-36 hours). The two prepared inseminations are timed between 12 and 48 hours after the surge is detected. The egg is only possible only for 24 hours after its release.
Drug treatment is done for encouraging two or three eggs to mature.
The treatment is monitored for measuring the growth of follicles, individualize drug doses, and to prevent any side effects. Moreover, the reduction of the risk of multiple pregnancy is also checked. The doctor does blood tests for measuring estrogen concentrations and use ultrasound for tracking the development of follicles.
When two or three follicles reach the required size, hormone hCG is injected to induce ovulation.
Sperm sample (collected in the ovulation morning, washed and concentrated) are inseminated later that day. Using a catheter, the doctor inserts the sperm through the cervix and into the uterus of the female partner.
Tests of potential pregnancy and early ultrasounds are done.
The benefit rates IUI falls between 5 -15 percent per cycle, on the woman’s age (up to 35 years), sperm count of the male partner and the female’s tubes that should be healthy. Usually three cycles of IUI are tried; if they fail then leading process are recommended. IUI is a simple and inexpensive form of therapy, thus it should be tried first, then going on to more costly options. In comparison to other countries, India attempt treatment at affordable price.
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