Gastroenterology is primarily anxious with the digestive diseases. It target on the treatment of diseases that involve the gastrointestinal tract involving stomach, pancreas, gallbladder, esophagus, large intestine and small intestine. A Gastroenterologist perfectly diagnoses and treats the diseases of the digestive system.
Weight loss and change in bowel style is the alarming syndrome for gastroenterology. Apart from these, there are some conditions where the patient is needed to consider a specialist –
Blood in the stool
Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease or Acid Reflux
The organs affected by gastrointestinal system
Bowel and colon cancers
Biliary tract disease
Peptic ulcer disease
Irritable bowel syndrome
Cancer and gall bladder stones
Malabsorption and nutritional problems
Various types of gastrointestinal surgery can treat the following conditions that can enhance quality of life of for many patients. Some of these conditions combine –
Laryngopharyngeal reflux disease (LPR)
Paraesophageal hernias, hiatal hernias and ventral hernias
Gastrointestinal reflux disease (GERD) or severe heartburn
GIST and other stomach tumors
Anorectal disease including rectal prolapse, incontinence
Ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease
Enterocutaneous fistula and short bowel syndrome
The extent and kind of GI (Gastrointestinal Surgery) largely depend upon the position and the size of the cancer. Gastrointestinal surgery could be the only treatment and can also be observed along with radiation therapy and chemotherapy.
Gallbladder Cancer : Surgery is used for manage the previous stages of gallbladder cancers.
Stomach Cancer : Gastrectomy is the method by which the stomach cancer is treated. Partial gastrectomy is used for eliminate a part of the stomach. The remaining part of the stomach is associated with esophagus to the small intestine.
Liver Cancer : Hepatectomy is the surgical method for eliminate the parts of liver. 80% of the liver can be removed if the rest liver tissue is healthy. The left part of the liver benefit in proper functioning of the liver.
Pancreatic Cancer : Whipple method is used for treating pancreatic cancer in procedure to clear away the first part of the small intestine, head of the pancreas, part of the stomach and the bile duct. The tail and body of the spleen and the pancreas can be detached with the benefit of a distal pancreatectomy method.
Esophageal Cancer : A part or the full esophagus can be eliminate with the support of esophagectomy method. This is done for treating the esophageal cancer.
Colorectal Cancer : The deportation of the rectum or a section of the colon and the 2 remaining ends are reconnected for the project of treating the colorectal cancer. The colostomy is the rare method by which a new path is created for taking out the waste production. An opening is made in the abdomen for associating the opening with the intestine. A bag is then fitted in the opening in order to collect the waste.
Diseases of the Small Intestine
Obscure bleeding and Diverticulosis
Mal Absorption Syndrome
Cancer of the Bladder
Inflammatory Bowel Disease
Cancer and Diverticulosis
Pseudo Pancreatic Cyst
Foreign body removal
Malignant and benign strictures
Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) : Here a camera and a long flexible tube with a light forward with an endoscope at the end of it is used. This is done over the stomach, the esophagus and the duodenum (first part of the small intestine). The dye is implant through the simple bile duct when an endoscope reaches the papilla (the opening of the simple bile duct). This method enables the physician to take x-rays. The method is meant for those who establish jaundice or training abdominal pain. Scar tissue that is blocking the bile duct, tumors or gallstones can be easily established through this method.
Flexible Sigmoidoscopy : This method enables the physician to study the arched colon from indoors. The colon (the large bowel) is gastrointestinal tracts’s last portion. The section of the colon closest to the anus and rectum is known as the sigmoid. The sigmoid colon is 20 inches of the colon which is 4 feet in length. The essential function of the colon is to stock the byproducts of the food till they get eliminated. The determination of flexible sigmoidoscopies is to assess the changes in bowel habits, blood loss and pain.
Colonoscopy : The large bowel, also indicate to as colon, is the gastrointestinal tracts’s last portion. Colonoscopy is the method where a colonoscope is used for examining the colon. While implant the scope, a small amount of air is put inside the colon. The physician can take pictures of the colon and can also counselor the colonoscope throughout the length of the colon. The method is used for evaluating abdominal pain, changes in bowel habits and blood loss. The method is observed in the avoidance and screening of colorectal cancer.
Capsule Endoscopy : The method is useful in examining the complete small intestine. A vitamin pill- sized video capsule is consumed having its own light source and camera. The images are then sent by the video capsule that is travelling over the full body. The images then can be seen on the waist belt which the patient is wearing having a data recorder. The method helps in determining the persistent or periodic symptoms like anemia bleeding, abdominal pain or diarrhea that cannot be diagnosed with the techniques of x-rays, endoscopy and colonoscopy.
Liver Biopsy : The method is used for determining any existence of fibrosis, inflammation and is also used for diagnosing the liver diseases.
Endoscopic Untrasonography (EUS) : The method is used for examining the lower or upper section of the gastrointestinal tract. Gallbladder and pancreas are the internal organs that can also be examined over this method.
Double Balloon Enteroscopy : The method is observed for examining small intestine where the earlier procedure are not able to reach. A high resolution video endoscope is used having latex balloons. These balloons are connect at the tips and can be deflated and bloated with air over a structure of pressure controlled pump. Deflation or inflation cycles assist in advancing more into the small intestine. The method is used for Crohn’s disease, gastrointestinal bleeding and unexplained diarrhea.
Upper Gastrointestinal Endoscopy : This method in anxious with the upper part of the GI (Gastrointestinal tract) that combine stomach, duodenum and esophagus. The method is performed for diagnosing and evaluating the complication like abdominal or stomach pain, tumors and ulcers, bleeding, hazard in swallowing and chronic heartburn.
Cost of Gastroenterology Surgery
The gastroenterology surgery in India is very cost-effective and all hospitals in India acquire state of art endoscopic method that is mostly observed for a gastrointestinal bleed.