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Neuro and Spine Surgeries

Neuro and Spine Surgery

What is Neuro Spine Surgery?

Neuro Spine Surgery known as neurological surgery or neurosurgery is primarily disturbed with diagnosis, avoidance and treatment of disorders that affect any part of the hesitant system. The nervous system combine of brain, peripheral nerves, spinal cord and extra-cranial cerebrovascular organization. The attitude of neuro spine surgery is implement for improve diseases and swelling of the spinal cord. The proceeding recognizes pain in the spinal cord and also restores the function of the suppressed nerves. Lower back and neck conditions are also corrected through this measure.

Types of Neuro and Spine Surgeries

Brain and Spinal Cord Tumors

Complex Spine Surgery

Minimally Invasive Neck and Back Surgery

Gamma Knife

Skull-based and Pituitary Tumors

Stereotactic Radiosurgery

Pain Management

Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS)

Spinal Decompression Rehabilitation Therapy (IDD)

Trigeminal Neuralgia

Cerebral Vascular Brain Disorders

Hydrocephalus/ Arnold Chiari Malformation

Disc disease

Percutaneous procedures

Open and other interventional procedures

Spinal malformations

Spinal dysraphism

Spine reconstruction and fixation

Surgical pain management

Spine trauma care

Percutaneous vertebroplasty

Conditions Treated by Neuro Spine Surgery

Neuro Spine Surgery treat conditions associated to the brain, peripheral nerves, spinal cord and extra-cranial cerebrovascular organization. There is different proceeding involved in Neuro spine surgery that focuses on specialized conditions.

Neuro-spinal specialists can perform many types of surgeries to assuage distressing symptoms, correct misalignment, and replacement spinal organization. Spine surgery may equitable delicate abnormalities in the spinal cord, nerves, ligaments, vertebrae, and the discs between them. It can be implement in the cervical, thoracic, lumbar, and sacral portions of the spine and neighboring tissues. Some of the conditions include –


Brain and Spine Tumors

Degenerative disc disease

Lumbar spinal stenosis

Cervical spinal disc disease


Neck pain

Herniated pain


Lumbar spinal stenosis

Lower back pain

Surgical pain management

Spine trauma care

Surgical Procedures of Neuro Spine Surgery

ALIF: Anterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion

Anterior Cervical Discectomy & Fusion

Artificial Cervical Disc Replacement, Prestige®

Cervical Posterior Foraminotomy

Dekompressor Discectomy

Endoscopic Carpal Tunnel Release

Interspinous Process Decompression – X-STOP®

Intradiscal Electrothermal Therapy (IDET)



Laminectomy (Cervical) with Fusion

Lumbar Radiofrequency Neurotomy

Micro Endoscopic Discectomy

Minimally-Invasive Lumbar Microdecompression

Minimally-Invasive TLIF (Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion)

PLIF: Posterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion

Spinal Cord Stimulation (Paddle Lead)

Spinal Cord Stimulator Implant

Total Disc Replacement


XLIF® Lateral Lumbar Interbody Fusion

Laser Spine Surgery

Laser spine surgery is a different to conventional spine surgery where doctors use thin blades and manual appliance to open the skin and modify the tissue and bone beneath it. This is a minimally invasive endoscopic proceeding that does not require any cutting or unpleasant of the muscles and bones. The proceeding is performed on an outpatient basis and only requires a very small laceration. The recovery is also quick in this procedure unlike traditional spine surgery. An endoscope is used for conduct a laser beam at the concerned area. The radiation is passed through the small laceration made which is in the back of the back or neck. The other appliance used in laser spine surgery is the scalpel. Both the guidance and placement of the laser guidance upon the actual site of the spinal issue. This is known as the best confirm proceeding for spine associated problems.

Cervical Spine Surgery

Cervical spine surgery is implement for disqualify tingling, weakness; pain and numbness precipitate in the spine. The surgery also avoids the abnormal motion in the spine and also modernizes nerve function. The surgery is implementing for a number of cervical spine problems. The conditions of uncertainty, regressive disorders or trauma can produce exuberance pressure on the nerves and on the spinal cord that is coming from the spine.

Total Disc Replacement

The degeneration of the spinal organization may result in neck or back pain that contraction the quality of life. Total disc restoration surgery, also attribute to as artificial disc, is a new modernization in spine surgery. The surgical proceeding is done for removing pain and also preserves the natural motion. The surgery is recommended when all other therapies have failed. A laceration is made by the specialist at the front of the neck. Before removing the disc material it is important to complete the appropriate levels. For this Fluoroscopy is used and the artificial disc is then removed.

Lumbar Spinal Stenosis Surgery

This surgery is implementing for comfort the strength on the nerve roots or the spinal cord. The surgery removes the damaged parts of the spine. The enlargement of the spinal canal is done through this surgery that eases strength on the nerve. Weakness in the legs, numbness and injury are depreciated by operating this surgery. Decompressive laminectomy is the major type of lumbar spinal narrowing surgery. This proceeding eases the strength on the spinal nerve roots. The proceeding takes out a part of the bone or fibrous tissue for constitute space for the nerves. The proceeding of spinal fusion can be implementing together in order to balance the spine. The procedure of spinal fusion can better the behavior of the spine and also diminish pain.

Anterior Cervical Decompression and Arthroplasty

The surgical proceeding aims at disqualify pressure from the nerve roots or spinal cord. The reorganization of the spine is done to allowance for motion at the treated segment.

Carpel Tunnel Syndrome

This syndrome results in tingling, pain and contrasting problems of the hand due to strength caused on the median nerve in the wrist. Carpel tunnel is the little capacity in the wrist from where many ligament and median nerve runs from the forearm of the hand. The function of the median nerve is to control the excitement and evolution of thumb and first three fingers except little finger. The causes of this syndrome include



Bone spurs and wrist injuries

Smoking can also decrease blood flow to the median nerve.

Illnesses such as diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis and hypothyroidism.

Gamma Knife

Gamma Knife therapy is treated as the best determine and decisive treatment for brain disorders. This therapy does not associate any kind of surgery and the therapy involves 201 precise beams of radiation straight on the tumor. The beams are more compelling when they work together on a single point. This therapy destroys the cancer cells and also stops them from multiplying. The tumor disappears after some time.

Hydrocephalus Surgery

The building up of the fluid in the ventricles (cavities) deep inside the brain is described as Hydrocephalus. The size of the ventricles may escalation due to exuberance fluid that places strength on the brain. This condition can appear at any point in life but is more generally seen in older adults and infants. The shunt is known as the most common treatment for hydrocephalus where a drainage system is inserted. Ventriculostomy is the other treatment for hydrocephalus condition.

Robotic Neurorehabilitation

Robots have convinced themselves as a perfect instrument as they administer measurement authenticity and movement controllability that can face the challenges of Neurorehabilitation. They can take the form of a joystick or a robotic arm that can completely enclose the limb just like an exoskletal frame. The sensors in the robots can record joint torques, position and velocity which are simultaneously known as movement data. The limb can be easily moved as these robots possess actuators.


The discs between foundations can become herniated; meaning that part of their center protrudes through their tough external, or is otherwise impaired. This can appear anywhere along the spine, causing pain and weakness. Herniated discs can also lead to other spinal disorders. During discectomy, a neurosurgeon excises a portion or the entirety of the damaged disc to assuage these symptoms. Discectomy can be a standalone proceeding, or it may be implement in partnership with spinal fusion, laminectomy, or other surgeries.

Spinal fusion

Patients with scoliosis, kyphosis, fractures, herniated discs, or other spinal disorders may assistance from spinal fusion surgery. This capability usually associates removing the natural disc between vertebrae and then placing a bone graft between the concerned vertebrae to adjoin them. Doctors may also use surgical appliance such as plates, wires, cables, or screws to create the framework for spinal fusion. After this surgery, the bones progressively accommodate for six to nine months, realize the process. This surgery can preserve the spine and diminish associated nerve issues. Spinal fusion sometimes requires revisional surgery to fully correct.


Spinal stenosis, disc herniation, and other problem can cause nerve compression and shrink the spaces between spinal organizations. To equitable this condition, neurosurgeons can perform laminectomy, during which they remove a division of the lamina, the top quantity of the bone that encloses the spinal cord. This can assuage strength on nerves and tissues.

Interlaminar implant

As part of a laminectomy, a neurosurgeon can also place an interlaminar implant, a U-shaped prostheses that decompresses the spine and provides more space for nerves and spinal cord tissue.


The foramen is a hollow bone that conserves the nerve roots along the spinal column. If this bone becomes damaged or too precarious, it can prevent with nerve function. In this occasion, neurosurgeons can perform foraminotomy surgery, a proceeding to adjust soft tissues and bones in the foramen. If neurosurgeons undoubtedly alter the foramen or remove a large segment of it, they may term this surgery a foraminectomy instead.


Using this modern surgical approach, neurosurgeons use x-ray describes to map the spine, and then use a needle and balloon to magnify the space between malfunctioning foundation. Once there is satisfactory room for it, they inject special bone cement into the area to support the spine.


In cases of severe spinal misalignment or abnormality, neurosurgeons may prescribe osteotomy. During this proceeding, they strategically fracture or break vertebrae or other spinal bones to better posture and correct constitutional abnormalities. Ideally, the afflicted bones will conform and heal in a way that benefits the spine.

Cost of Neuro and Spine Surgery

Neuro and spine surgery in India is comfortably applicable at low costs. There are a number of hospitals and a panel of professional doctors who offer the best services for patients from across the world. All the progressive surgeries, technologies and medical treatments are applicable in India.

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